Leg cramps during the night usually cause uncomfortable waking from sleep. These cramps occur mostly in the calf muscles but can also occur in the thighs or feet. A nocturnal leg cramp is extremely painful and causes a sensation of muscle spasms or knots. Symptoms may last from several seconds to several minutes, and there may also be muscle pain after the spasm disappears.
Nocturnal leg cramps cause some pain and discomfort, and they may lead to other problems. Cramps can disrupt sleep and disrupt a person’s sleep cycle, which can make them feel tired or lethargic the next day. Leg cramps can make it difficult to sleep, and this may lead to problems like insomnia over time.
The causes of leg cramps at night are often unknown, but they have been linked to muscle fatigue and nerve problems. There are a number of cases that may have an effect, including sitting for long periods or sitting incorrectly, and standing or working on concrete floors for a long time leads to muscle fatigue.
Sitting or lying down in a certain way may restrict movement or blood flow to the legs, such as placing one leg over the other, or with the legs crossed, leading to cramps.
How to overcome the pain of night cramps for the leg?
Stretching the severely affected muscles is usually the most effective way to relieve spasticity. This is by bending the foot up to lengthen the muscle. You may be able to ease the cramping by walking, shaking or massaging the leg.
Taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen or aspirin will not help relieve cramps, because cramps are not associated with inflammation. It may help treat the pain from cramps, but it won’t relieve cramps.
Trying a complex vitamin B12 may be helpful, but some researchers say there isn’t enough evidence at this time to recommend analgesics, antiepileptic drugs, magnesium, or vitamin E to reduce nighttime leg cramps.
How can night leg cramps be prevented?
Drinking plenty of water to stay hydrated helps prevent nighttime leg cramps. Also, the simple leg stretch before bed reduces the possibility of cramping.
Some people feel that they don’t have many cramps if they do some light exercise at the end of the day. This may include activities such as walking or taking a few days